What Is the Definition of Semantic Field

It is the study of meaning in language, both in the philosophical and linguistic senses. It examines the association and relationship between words and phrases and what they mean together. A general and intuitive description is that words in a semantic field are not necessarily synonymous, but are all used to talk about the same general phenomenon. [7] Synonymy requires the sharing of a semem or seme, but the semantic field is a larger area that surrounds it. The meaning of a word depends in part on its relationship with other words of the same term. [8] The types of semantic fields vary from culture to culture and anthropologists use them to study belief systems and reasoning across cultural groups. [7] Overlapping semantic fields are problematic, especially in translation. Words that have multiple meanings (called polysmic words) are often untranslatable, especially with all their connotations. These words are often borrowed instead of translated. Examples are « chivalry » (literally « equestrian art », related to « cavalry »), « Dharma » (literally « support ») and « taboo ». In linguistics, a semantic field is a lexical set of words that are semantically grouped (by meaning) and relate to a specific subject. [1] [2] The term is also used in anthropology[3], computational semiotics[4], and technical exegesis.

[5] The origin of the field theory of semantics is the lexical field theory introduced by Jost Trier in the 1930s[10][10]: 31, although according to John Lyons it has historical roots in the ideas of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Johann Gottfried Herder. [1] In the 1960s, Stephen Ullmann saw semantic fields in the crystallization and perpetuation of society`s values. [10]: 32 For John Lyons in the 1970s, words that were related in one way or another belonged to the same semantic field,[10]: 32 and the semantic field was simply a lexical category that he described as a lexical field. [10] : 31 Lyons emphasized the distinction between semantic fields and semantic networks. [10]: 31 In the 1980s, Eva Kittay developed a semantic theory of metaphor fields. This approach is based on the idea that elements in one semantic field have specific relationships with other elements in the same field, and that a metaphor works by rearranging the relationships of one field by mapping them to existing relationships in another field. [11] Sue Atkins and Charles J. Fillmore proposed frame semantics as an alternative to semantic field theory in the 1990s.

[12] « He was a courageous field commander and an expert in intelligence and the organization of popular and tribal forces, » the laudator said. In a semantic field, the associations that can be made between the elements of this great mosaic are infinite. Conceptual relationships continue to grow through sustainable development. Andersen (1990: p.327) identifies the traditional use of « semantic field » theory as follows: We had six field pieces, but we only took four, tight with twice as many horses. The revelation of the sleeping Mexicans was the unloading of our two pieces of field loaded with cans. A semantic field consists of a group of words that have the same meaning and are part of a different lexical category. An example would be: red, yellow, blue, bluish, greenish, reddish, color, white, reddish (semantic color field). Types of semantic field properties The main problem with combining semantic fields, as Trier points out, is that many words have overlapping meanings. This means that some words need to be entered in different fields, depending on their meaning at that time. Words with many meanings, such as « together, » are called polysmic words and are placed in many areas. It is also common for words like « man » to undergo a semantic shift, changing both their meaning – in this case, from « human » to « male » – and their domain. Semantic field theory has influenced the discourse of anthropology, as reported by Ingold (1996: p.

127): On many occasions, the overlap between semantic fields can be observed. For example, ceiling and wall panels may overlap as part of painting or repair. In this way, a semantic field groups different words according to an idea or meaning. Related to the concept of hyponymy, but more vaguely defined, is the concept of a semantic field or domain. A semantic field refers to a segment of reality symbolized by a series of related words. Words in a semantic field have a common semantic property. [6] In her poem « Eat Me, » Patience Agbabi creates a semantic field of water and oceans to emphasize ideas. The semantic field refers more to concepts. A matrix of a woman, a girl, a girl, a lady, a weird would be: descriptions are adjectives that can be divided into objective and subjective.

Objective adjectives are those that are innate and not opinion. Objective adjective fields in semantics include colors, dimensions, materials, and textures. Subjectives depend on a personal opinion and understand the good and the bad. Color terms also illustrate how words are grouped in a semantic field. A semantic field is a technical term in the discipline of linguistics to describe a series of words grouped by meaning and related to a specific subject. The term is also used in other academic disciplines such as anthropology, computer aerotics, and technical exegesis. And those who are connected to each other can belong to the same semantic field, for example, house, roof, floor, wall, etc. Semantic field property types Here are some examples of the semantic field.

It should be noted that the lists are not exhaustive. This is because the system of relationships between words is vast and complex in most cases. The +/- values express the semantic fields. For example, in the « feminine » semantic field (in addition to these), enter: cow, mare, princess, queen, sister, sister-in-law, wife, girlfriend, dancer, teacher . Words in the semantic field are organized according to a very large number of meanings. These include color, taste, animals, costumes, drinks or events. Human-based domains include the purely biological names of body parts and their functions. This includes human emotions, which can be divided into positive and negative in many ways, e.B.

positive and negative. Other areas of human semantics include language, art, judgment, and thought. The poem explores the idea of a « nurturing » relationship in which the narrator is constantly overfed and gains a lot of weight. This semantic field of water and oceans helps to emphasize the idea of immensity and depth, to show how overweight the woman has become, and also to explore cellulite similar to the water in her body. It was, we have to have a team, all the right balls, a big pitch, and everything has to look good and be fair. On the contrary, the training of officers and methods of policing in the field reinforce these beliefs. A semantic field is a set of words (or lexemes) that are related in their meaning. The term is also known as word field, lexical field, meaning field, and semantic system.

Linguist Adrienne Lehrer more precisely defined the semantic field as « a series of lexemes that cover a certain conceptual domain and have certain specified relationships with each other » (1985). Then, commercial weight loss giants Weight Watchers and Jenny Craig joined this crowded field. Semantics (or sometimes called lexical fields) are a technique often used by writers to keep a particular image in the minds of their readers. They are a collection of words that are related to each other, whether by their similar meaning or by a more abstract relationship. Semantic fields are sometimes called fields of meaning: on the other hand, the concept of lexical field is related to that of the associative field. The latter refers to the set of all meanings associated with a particular linguistic sign. This field is infinite in expansion, because it does not cease to grow due to the appearance of new meanings. There were two battalions, together about a thousand men; And they brought a piece of field.